COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS OF TITANIUM NICKEL (NITINOL) SHAPE MEMORY ALLOYS have been many since the invention of the material by the U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory in the early 1960s. The biggest commercial success has been in the field of biomedical devices utilizing the “Super-Elastic” properties of this remarkable material in a variety of applications from cardiac stents to orthodontic braces.
TINI AEROSPACE HAS BEEN AT THE FOREFRONT of many research and development projects in everything from Down Hole to Automotive applications. Over the last 25 years we have manufactured SMA driven Actuators, Valves, Motors, Tactile Feedback Devices, Switches, and even Sprinkler valves. More recently, the development of our SCSMA (Single Crystal Shape Memory Alloy) technology has expanded the application potential to devices which can provide a dampening function as well as energy storage and release at extreme temperatures. Commercial applications are many and include:
- SEARCH & RESCUE
- FIRE SAFETY
- EMERGENCY INFLATION SYSTEMS
- DOWN HOLE
ALL PRODUCTS ARE NON-PYROTECHNIC & FIELD RESETTABLE
— Product X of XX —
FAIL SAFE ACTUATOR
TiNi’s Fail Safe Actuators have many applications, but are fundamentally born out of the need to push or pull an appendage, in case something goes wrong in a critical component. These actuators are characterized by having relatively low-force, high-stroke, and their ability to maintain position without the application of power.
TiNi’s Ejector Release Mechanism (ERM) is a uniquely simple and effective device which offers both high load holding capability and fast actuation time. The Actuator “Coupler” acts as a detachable Nut and may be used to support and release loads up to 4000 lbf.
TiNi’s Frangibolt actuators are a simple and effective way to support and release loads up to 20,000 lbf. The principle of operation is simple: A Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) cylinder elongates to fracture a bolt or stud thereby achieving separation of two or more components. Standard Fastener sizes range from # 4 size screws to ½″ bolts.
TiNi’s Pinpullers are fast acting and suitable for a variety of Aerospace applications. Pin retraction is achieved by coupling the recovery characteristics of Shape Memory Alloys with TiNi’s patented trigger mechanism. Pinpuller pull force ranges from 5 to 1000 lbf with five standard sizes offered as COTS (Commercial Off the Shelf) items.
TiNi’s Micro Latch was developed specifically for “New Space” applications such as the hold-down and release of Cubesats. It is small, fast acting, and a cost effective way to support and release preloads up to 50 lbf.
TiNi’s Cryogenic Valve uses a high force piston that is operable at pressures up to 10,000 psi. This may be configured in either a “Normally Open” or “Normally Closed” embodiment. The sealing mechanism is designed to operate with both gas or liquid at temperatures down to -200 degrees Celsius.
TiNi’s Optical Shutter was first developed for SWRi (South West Research Institute) for the New Horizons mission to Pluto. It provides a simple and effective means to let light into sensitive instruments. The aperture cover is opened on command and may be manually reset to support ground testing.
TiNi’s Frangivalve is a normally closed isolation valve that is capable of supporting pressures up to 10,000 psi. It is hermetically sealed using an all stainless steel valve body. Actuation is achieved by using a Frangibolt Actuator to break an internal barrier which bridges the inlet hole to the outlet port. The design is inherently scalable and available in a variety of sizes and flow rates.
TiNi’s Cable Cutter uses powerful Bellville springs in conjunction with a specially designed blade and anvil to sever high strength Stainless Steel cables. This is an effective means to release payloads in emergency applications such as Search & Rescue. As with all TiNi products, it is fully resettable and available in a variety of sizes and embodiments.
TiNi’s Thermal Trigger may be used in a variety of fire safety applications. The enabling technology is the use of TiNi’s SCSMA (Single Crystal Shape Memory Alloy) material which makes it possible to set the trigger temperature at much higher values than is possible with commercially available SMAs.
TiNi’s Auto Resetable Pinpullers were born out of space constrained applications where the Actuator is buried deep within a complex instrument. This makes it difficult or impossible to perform a manual reset. Auto reset is achieved by incorporating a secondary SMA actuator which can re-extend the Pin on command and yet not interfere with normal actuation. This is done using a custom flexure made from our patented SCSMA material.
LAUNCH LOCK ACTUATOR
TiNi’s Launch Lock Actuator was originally nicknamed as, “The Jack” for the basic function that it provides. It uses an array of SCSMA cylinders (much like bullets in a revolver) to provide forces up to 50,000 lbf and displacements up to 0.25 in. The work output is greater than any non-pyrotechnic Actuator on the market.
TiNi’s mini Frangibolt is based on a #4 size screw and we believe is the smallest, simplest, and most powerful Actuator (considering its size) available in the world today. Once again, the enabling technology is our SCSMA material which provides 3x the stroke of commercially available SMAs. TiNi has been manufacturing these FD04 size Actuators for Cubesat and other applications since 2005 and can readily scale production to meet commercial demand.
TiNi’s Separation Link is similar to the “Sep Nut” concept, however it is designed to release a Tie Down link using Arms which swing out of the way upon application of power. This device leverages our ERM through a simple linkage to amplify the force capability by an order of magnitude. The embodiment shown is capable of 10,000 lbf and currently under qualification.
SUBSEA EJECTOR (ERM)
TiNi’s Subsea Ejector Release Mechanism (ERM) includes a Pressure Balanced and Oil Filled (PBOF) enclosure such that it can operate directly in Sea water at high pressure. It has been successfully used in many deep ocean applications to deploy critical instruments from various manned and unmanned submarines.
TiNi’s Shackle Release was developed for Subsea rigging applications which require support and release of critical payloads remotely. The release function is achieved by using one of TiNi’s subsea Frangibolts coupled to powerful jaws which provide a leveraging mechanism much like a pair of pliers. Scalable design allows hold down and release of loads in excess of 100,000 lbf.
TiNi’s Separation Nut works on the basis of a traditional segmented nut which is made to separate on command to release a tie down bolt. TiNi’s mechanism, however, is fully reusable and field resettable and uses two independent TiNi Pinpullers as the means for actuation to offer the utmost in redundancy and reliability.
TiNi’s Subsea Frangibolts use a polyurethane outer jacket and sealed cable such that they may be used directly in sea water and at very high pressure. As in space applications, the Frangibolt offers a uniquely simple and effective means to release deployables remotely in hostile environments. Standard size Actuators are available for bolts up to ½” which can support and release loads in excess of 10,000 lbf.
TiNi’s 2 Way Actuator is used as a generic means to push and pull an output Pin in opposite directions. This may be used for functions ranging from Optical Shutters which can Open and Close on demand, to Fail Safe Actuators that require input to enable (or disable) a mechanical system.
TiNi’s Subsea Pinpullers have been used in many oceanic projects. Typical applications include deployment of ballasts, buoys, cables, and other items from a wide array of AUVs. Much like our ERMs they include a Pressure Balanced and Oil Filled (PBOF) enclosure such that they can be used directly in sea water at high pressure.
TiNi’s Cable Release Device was developed jointly with our partner company in Japan (Wel Research). The device uses a TiNi standard Pinpuller which is coupled to a swing arm mechanism that provides a significant gain in the hold down and release force. This can be configured to work with a single cable termination point, or dual as shown.
TiNi’s SMA Cylinder (Pipe Actuator) was developed for a remote Down Hole application for the oil and gas industry. The project required high actuation force in an environment that could reach very high temperature’s (150C). TiNi was successful in developing an SMA Actuator that mimics a hydraulic cylinder, but one that could be powered electrically rather than using complicated mechanical systems.
TiNi’s Pinpusher is yet another derivative of our Pinpuller technology. The embodiment shown has a relatively narrow body diameter and long Pin stroke. It also incorporates custom electrical switches which were designed to provide both a shut off function as well as telemetry.
FAIL SAFE ACTUATOR
TiNi FS04-5 Fail Safe actuator was jointly developed by TiNi Aerospace and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Pasadena CA) to be used as part of the rotating calibration mirror mechanism of the MIRO instrument. This flew on the historic flight to Comet 67 aboard the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft. The unit incorporates redundant Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) wires as the means to de-couple the Aperture Cover Window from the drive mechanism in the event of a motor failure.
SCSMA raw materials and components are routinely manufactured to support R&D projects. Basic “as drawn” forms include wire, leaf, tube and rod. These may be subsequently machined into more complicated shapes that provide a broad range of functions. These are available in small manufacturing lots with a transition temperature ranging from -150C to +200C.
TiNi Rotary Actuators operate on the same basic principal as our Pinpullers. However, the TiNi trigger is used to release energy stored in a preloaded Torque Spring (rather than Compression). Output Torque and Angle are scalable but typically extend up to 15 in-lb (1.6 Nm) and 180 degrees, respectively.
SMA RETAINING RING
TiNi’s “Releasable Retaining Ring” was an early prototype demonstrating how SMAs can be used in fire safety applications. In this case, a Shape Memory Alloy extension spring was used to detach a high force Retaining Ring thereby disabling critical munitions system.
CUT & RELEASE
TiNi’s Cut & Release Actuator was developed for a unique subsea application where a Fiber Optic cable assembly needed to be Cut & Released, on command. This was done by using two of our P50 Pinpullers in an orthogonal fashion to minimize mounting footprint. The custom developed interface included special adapters that provided both the Cutting and Release functions.
GAS CYLINDER PENETRATOR
TiNi’s Gas Cylinder Penetrator (GCP) is a simple means to open high pressure cylinders for a variety of applications ranging from venting to emergency inflation to release of breathing air. The Actuator is fully resettable and uses the same mechanism as our high reliability release devices. Our GCP can be configured with a variety of mounting methods, puncture pin profiles, and manifold assemblies.
Don’t see what you are looking for?
— Application X of XX —
Application: The AW139 is a new generation medium twin turbine helicopter that can be used for a wide range of applications including paramilitary and military roles. A unique, non-explosive alternative to traditional valve actuation technology for helicopter inflation systems has been developed and adopted in the aviation sector.
Application: Originally built in 1964, Alvin was built to dive to 8000ft. It is widely recognized to be one of the world’s first deep ocean submersibles. Alvin was famously used to explore the wreckage of the Titanic and to assess the damage to the Gulf of Mexico’s seafloor after the Deepwater Horizon disaster. Alvin remains state of the art due to numerous reconstructions made over the years.
Mission: Expandable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
Mission: Beagle 2 was the lander aboard the Mars Express mission whose purpose was to search for life on Mars, past or present. It unfortunately lost contact with Earth shortly after separation from the mother ship.
Mission: The Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) is an experimental expandable space station module for testing as a temporary module on the International Space Station (ISS).
Mission: To advance our understanding of cloud abundance, distribution, structure and radiative properties.
Mission: Cubesat Deployers are built to release several cubesats (small satellites) at a time. This application was launched on February 11, 2014, from the International Space Station as part of the largest cubesat deployment to date.
Mission: Manned vessel capable of descending nearly 7 miles to the deepest place on Earth to explore the ocean floor. James Cameron, Director of The Titanic, made a record breaking solo dive, piloting the DEEPSEA CHALLANGER 11 kilometers to the Mariana Trench.
Mission: Attempting to establish if life ever existed on Mars by studying the Martian environment and demonstrate new technologies.
Mission: CHEOPS (CHaracterising ExOPlanets Satellite) is a planned European space telescope for the study of the formation of extrasolar planets.
Mission: The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite - R Series (GOES-R) is the next generation of NOAA geostationary Earth-observing systems. The satellite's advanced spacecraft and instrument technology to support expanded detection of environmental phenomena, resulting in more timely and accurate forecasts and warnings.
Mission: Discovery and Exploration mission that will conduct an in-depth study of Jupiter, the most massive planet in our solar system.
Mission: Exploration of the Arctic Plain of Mars, Phoenix was the first mission to return data from the Polar Region providing an important contribution to the overall Mars Science strategy of “following the water”.
Application: Autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) provide important advantages for seafloor mapping, especially in the deep ocean. In May 2010, the AUV that utilizes TiNi’s products was called on to help in the 2010 catastrophic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, where the Deepwater Horizon, a drilling rig, exploded and damaged wellhead leaked vast amount of oil.
Mission: A part of NASA’s New Frontiers Program, will study an encountering asteroid Bennu, globally mapping the surface from a distance of 5 km. NASA’s first US mission to carry samples from an asteroid back to Earth.
Mission: Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) will provide unprecedented insight into the physical dynamics of the radiation belts and give scientists the date they need to make predications of changes in this critical region of space.
Mission: The first to undertake a long-term exploration of a comet (67P/Churyumov-Gerasmenko) at close quarters.
Mission: Selenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE) is the largest lunar mission since the Apollo program. Its mission is to understand the moon’s origin and evolution.
Mission: To test autonomous control system performance, to observe aurora phenomena and to test out an inflatable boom and “canvas” deployment system. A small camera at the end of the boom enables disabled children to see their artwork, placed on the deployed membrane, in space.
Mission: The Space Technology 5 (ST5) mission consists of three micro-satellites exploring the Earth’s magnetic field.
Mission: Next generation commercial remote sensing satellite provides unprecedented high resolution imaging capability used for defense and intelligence, disaster relief and land use planning.
Mission: The first spacecraft to orbit the planet Mercury. Understanding this “end member” among the terrestrial planets is crucial to developing a better understanding of how the planets in our Solar System formed and evolved.
Mission: Three year meteorological science mission to demonstrate the viability of using polarimetry to measure ocean surface wind speed and direction from space.
Mission: Designed to help us understand worlds at the edge of our solar system by making the first reconnaissance of Pluto and Charon – a “double planet” and the last planet in our solar system to be visited by spacecraft.
Mission: Understanding the interaction between ocean circulation, the water cycle and climate by measuring ocean salinity.
Mission: Clementine was the first spacecraft to travel to the moon since the Apollo program. Data gathered from its scientific instruments provided the first signs of water on the moon.
Mission: To explore the basic physics of particle acceleration and explosive energy release in solar flares.
Mission: To demonstrate advanced technologies that will enable space science missions of the 21st century with significant (a several-generation leap) technical capabilities.
MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR
Mission: First exploration of Mars in twenty years, contributed a multitude of findings, including signs of past, persistent water on the red planet including active water features in the gullies of canyon walls.
Mission: To demonstrate the capability of polarimetric microwave radiometer to measure the ocean surface wind vector from space.
Mission: To provide the first-ever stereoscopic measurements to study the Sun and the nature of its coronal mass ejections, or CMEs. This was done by launching 2 identical spacecraft providing data from two vantage points.
Mission: To improve position, navigation and timing services for the war fighter and civil uses worldwide and provide advanced anti-jam capabilities yielding superior system security, accuracy and reliability.
Mission: Interplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation of the Sun (IKAROS) is to evaluate the performance of the solar power sails as a method for accelerating the spacecraft.
Mission: Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuStar) is to use high-energy X-rays to detect black holes and other energetic phenomena in the universe.
Mission: Orbcomm satellites are low Earth orbit communications satellites. Orbcomm Generation 2 (OG2) will offer enhanced Orbcomm messaging capabilities, increased capacity and automatic identification systems (AIS) service.
Mission: TiNi Aerospace routinely provides hardware for US Classified Programs.
Mission:Europe’s first mission to Mercury. BepiColombo has been designed to provide the measurements necessary to study and understand the composition, geophysics, atmosphere, magnetosphere and history of Mercury.
Mission: TiNi Aerospace routinely provides hardware for US Classified Programs.
Mission: Highly Adaptable Satellite (HYLAS) is a communications satellite to provide new and innovative services including High Definition Television and interactive satellite delivered broadband services in parts of Europe.
Mission: Unlike a traditional ground launch the 40,800lb Pegasus rocket is dropped from the belly of a carrier aircraft. It is considered to be the world’s leading small-class space launch vehicle. Pegasus was designed to provide cost-effective access to space for the small satellite community.
GPS BLOCK 2F
Mission: The GPS IIF series of satellites brings next-generation performance to the constellation. These 12 spacecrafts are critical to U.S. national security and sustaining GPS constellation availability for global civil, commercial and defense applications.
Mission: Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) is an unmanned Mars lander mission. Its mission is to study Mars’ early geological evolution by using a seismometer to drill into Mars’ deep interior.
METEOSAT, 3RD GENERATION
Mission: MTG is the next-generation European operational geostationary meteorological satellite system to be launched from 2019-2030 -a collaborative EUMETSAT/ESA program to address future challenges in weather forecasting and other services for European citizens, such as improved air quality or UV-radiation warnings, as well as climate and atmospheric chemistry monitoring.
Mission: German hyperspectral satellite mission providing high accuracy hyperspectral image data of the Earth’s surface on a timely and frequent basis. This data will provide accurate information about the condition of the Earth's surface and how it is changing by recording solar radiation reflected from the Earth.
Mission: TiNi Aerospace routinely provides hardware for US Classified Programs.
STAR 3 BUS
Mission: A Fully Redundant Spacecraft Bus Designed for Geosynchronous Missions. Compatible with Ariane 5, Falcon 9, H-IIA, Proton, Sea Launch, Land Launch Rockets.
Mission: Himawari 8 is a Japanese weather satellite, the 8th of the Himawari geostationary weather satellite operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency.
Mission: Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) maps the spatial distribution of total ozone using high resolution, thus providing information for estimating the potential biological damage at any location
Mission: TiNi Aerospace routinely provides hardware for US Classified Programs.
Mission: World’s first satellite dedicated to Global Greenhouse Gas Observation by measuring the concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane from space. These findings will enhance the scientific understanding of the causes of global warming.
Mission: Unmanned undersea vehicle will detect, avoid and identify mine threats while the host ship stays outside the minefield boundaries, thus reducing the risk to Navy personnel.
Mission: Demonstration of next-generation advanced satellite technologies in orbit. This is a realization of small-scale, frequent scientific observation missions
Mission: The Skynet 5 system provides reliable secure voice and data communications for combined-operations in peacekeeping and under battlefield conditions.
Mission: Follow on mission to Hayabusa, a C Type asteroid explorer that will feature a rover, sensing instruments as well as an asteroid impactor, which news outlets have dubbed a “space cannon."
Mission: Australia’s NewSat geostationary communications satellite will provide high-powered satellite capacity to enterprise customers in the oil, natural gas, mining, financial and government sectors.
Mission: The first of a series for ESA’s Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 Program is a Sun-observing satellite dedicated to solar and heliospheric physics. Specifically it will be used to examine how the Sun creates and controls the heliosphere.
Mission: A series of artificial satellite missions and scientific instruments in Earth’s orbit designed for long-term global observations of the land surface, biosphere, atmosphere and oceans of the Earth.
Mission: Azerbaijan’s first satellite in space, providing transmission for TV, radio broadcasting and the internet in parts of Europe, Asia and Africa.
Mission: Space Based Space Surveillance (SBSS) System provides the only space based sensor in the US Air Force network. This enables the detection of debris, spacecraft, or other distant space objects without interference from weather, atmosphere or time of day.
Mission: DICE (Dynamic Ionosphere CubeSat Experiment) is a U.S. CubeSat mission with the goal to map the geomagnetic SED (Storm Enhanced Density) plasma bulge and plume formations in Earth's ionosphere.
Mission: The Global Precipitation Measurement-Microwave Imager (GMI) supports the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, which is a joint effort between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to improve climate, weather and hydrological predictions by providing more accurate precipitation measurements from space.
Mission: To carry 16 Ku- and 14 C-band active transponders to provide voice, wireless backhaul, internet, and media applications services to cover Europe, Middle East, Africa and Sub-Saharan regions.
Mission: To investigate an earth-approaching asteroid by intercepting in deep space and returning samples back to earth.
Mission: Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) is to Advance the Vision for Space Exploration by confirming the presence of water ice in a permanently shadowed crater at the Moon's North and South Pole.
Mission: Microwave Instrument for the Rosetta Orbiter (MIRO) is to measure the near surface temperatures of the asteroids OTAWARA and SIWA, and the comet WIRTANEN. These measurements will allow scientists to study how the comet material sublimates (changes from its frozen state, ice, to a gas) in time and distance from the sun.
Mission: The first high-resolution 8-band multispectral commercial satellite.
Mission: The first of a planned constellation of 24 satellites, SkySat-1 is a high performance, commercial Earth observation satellite, licensed to collect high resolution images of the Earth.
Mission: The Iridium NEXT satellite network will consist of 66 in-orbit satellites, and a number of in-orbit spares. The constellation is launching in 2015, is expected to provide service to 2030 and beyond, while offering customers greater bandwidth and data speeds.
Mission: The HYLAS 2 satellite carries communications services to facilitate high-speed delivery of data to end-user applications such as corporate networking, broadband Internet access, and business continuity services to Eastern and Southern Africa, Eastern Europe and the Middle East.
Mission: SKYM-1 will provide direct-to-home broadcast services to the Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean regions.
Mission: Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESAT) is an Earth Observing System mission for measuring ice sheet mass balance, cloud and aerosol heights, as well as land topography and vegetation characteristics.
Mission: Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) uses a neutral atom, ultraviolet, and radio imaging techniques to identify the dominant mechanisms for injecting plasma into the magnetosphere on substorm and magnetic storm time scales.
Mission: To study the ionosphere -the electrically charged portion of the earth's upper atmosphere. This highly ionized area, beginning at an altitude of about 30 miles and extending to about 250 miles, is one of the least understood parts of the Earth's atmosphere.
Mission: Mobile User Objective System (MUOS-1) is the next-generation narrowband tactical satellite communications system designed to significantly improve ground communications for U.S. forces on the move.
Mission: Mars rendezvous mission to probe the planet's atmosphere, structure and geology, including a search for evidence of hidden water.
Mission: Streak is a technology demonstrator whose objective is to demonstrate rapid response, short mission life, low Earth orbit space technologies and gather information about the low Earth orbit environment.
Mission: Deliver crucial data for information services to the EU and its Member States under GMES (Global Monitoring for Environmental and Security).
Mission: To study atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; and water and energy cylces. Unfortunately, problems during launch required it to be terminated before it reached orbit.
Mission: FalconSAT-5 is a microsatellite developed in the Department of Astronautics that will carry United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) Physics Department scientific payloads into space.
Mission: Space Test Program's Standard Interface Vehicle (STP-SIV) project was developed as a common spacecraft bus with a standard payload interface to accelerate Department of Defense space technology and ensure future U.S. space superiority.
ISS JAXA SIMPLE
Mission: Space Inflatable Membrane structures Pioneering Long-term Experiments (SIMPLE) is part of the Japanese Experimental Module (JEM) used on the International Space Station (ISS). The purpose of this experiment is for demonstration of inflatable space extendible and deployable structures on the ISS.
Mission: Convection Rotation and planetary Transits (COROT) is searching for planets outside our Solar System and mapping the stellar interiors.
Mission: Geo Eye is a multispectral, Earth-imaging satellite with the highest resolution and most advanced collection capabilities of any commercial imaging satellite launched to date.
Mission:Eutelsat or E3B is a telecommunications satellite to provide video, data, Internet and telecom services across Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and parts of South America, notably Brazil.
Mission: Provide the German Armed Forces with a secure information network for use by troops deployed throughout the world.
Mission: A study of the Earth's climate and Sun variability relationship.
Mission: The Small Demonstration Satellite (SDS) program aims to improve the reliability of practical artificial satellites by demonstrating a wide range of new space technologies covering everything from equipment and element to system engineering.
Mission: The Lunar Prospector was dedicated to globally mapping lunar resources, gravity, and magnetic fields. It is credited for confirming the existence of water on the lunar surface.
Mission: Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) is to study Mars' upper atmosphere and how it interacts with the Sun. It will carry instruments to measure characteristics of Mars' atmospheric gases, upper atmosphere, solar wind, and ionsphere.
Mission: Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) will study the lunar exosphere and dust in the Moon’s vicinity.
Mission: CUTLASS is a twin-station HF radar to study the high latitude ionosphere. The CUTLASS radars form part of SuperDARN , an international network of similar radars covering almost 180 degrees longitude in the Northern Hemisphere and including conjugate stations in the Antarctic.
Mission: MAVEN’s Suprathermal and Thermal Ion Composition (STATIC) instrument is measuring the composition and energy of ions as the spacecraft passes through various layers of Mars’ upper atmosphere.
Mission: The “Euglena Combined Regenerative Organic food Production In Space”, in short Eu:CROPIS, is a biological life support system experiment which deals with stability and self-sustainability under different levels of acceleration.
STAR 2 BUS
Mission: The STAR-2 Bus is a fully redundant, flight-proven, spacecraft bus designed for geosynchronous mission.
SWEAP UC BERK
Mission: The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) Investigation is the set of instruments on the spacecraft that will directly measure the properties of the plasma in the solar atmosphere during these encounters.
Mission: The Jupiter Icy moons Explorer – JUICE – is the first large-class mission in ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program.
Mission: The Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) produces the first high resolution laser ranging observations of the 3D structure of the Earth aboard the International Space Station.
Mission: The Roll-Out Solar Array (ROSA) is an innovative new solar array design to improve the power and efficiency for future aircraft.
PARKER SOLAR PROBE
Mission: NASA’s Parker Solar Probe will be the first-ever mission to "touch" the sun.
Mission: WorldView 4, formerly known as GeoEye 2, is a commercial high-resolution earth observation satellite operated by DigitalGlobe.